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考研英语二阅览技巧之试验查询论据和观点的辨认

admin 2019-08-09 197人围观 ,发现0个评论

试验查询论据的辨认比较简单,能够凭借一些比较显着的标志词,如study, research,survey,experiment,exercise。当语句中呈现这样的标志词时,咱们根本确认这便是试验查询论据了。同学们关于试验查询论据的辨认不会呈现问题,难点在于观念的推出。

依照试验报告的写作思路,试验报告依照试验目标,操作过程,试验内容,试验成果,终究得出定论。所以试验的成果是在试验查询论据的后边得出的,比方2017年英语二阅览的27题,根据题干中的food-testing exercise,定位到了文章中的第二段Radesky has studied the use of mobile phones and tablets at mealtimes by giving mother-child pairs a food-testing exercise. She found that mothers who sued devices during the exercise started 20 percent fewer verbal and 39 percent fewer nonverbal interactions with their children. During a separate observation, she saw that phones became a source of tension in the family. Parents would be looking at their emails while the children would be making excited bids for their attention. 试验的定论在后边的语句中呈现,也是咱们解题的定位句,即研究人员发现运用手机设备的母亲与孩子的言语和非言语的互动削减,由此选定选项D reduce mother-child communication在考研英语二阅览技巧之试验查询论据和观点的辨认这个题目中,辨认出试验查询论据之后,是使用往后边找试验定论来解题。严厉来讲,试验后边的语句是试验定论,并不是作者的观念。从理论上看,作者的观念能够与试验定论共同,也能够与试验定论相反,在咱们的考研英语阅览中,现在只触及共同的状况,假如呈现相反的状况,就比较复杂了,需求别离辨认观念和试验定论来解题。关于本题而言,假如咱们同学测验在food-testing exercise前面找作者观念,是找不到的。因此本题只能使用试验定论解题。

考研英语二阅览技巧之试验查询论据和观点的辨认

同套题中的28题考研英语二阅览技巧之试验查询论据和观点的辨认,与27题稍有不同,咱们再来看一下。根据28题题干中关键词still face experiment,咱们能够确定文中的第三段Infants are wired to look at parents’ faces to try to understand their world, and if those faces are blank and unresponsive—as they often are when absorbed in a device-it can be extremely disconcerting for the children. Radesky cites the “still face experiment” devised by developmental psychologist Ed Tronick in the 1970s. In it, a mother is asked to interact with her child in a normal way before putting on a blank expression and not giving them any visual social feedback; The child becomes increasingly distressed as she tries to capture her mother’s attention. "Pa顺治皇帝rents don't have to be exquisitely parents at all times, but there needs to be a balance and parents need to be responsive and sensitive to a child’s verbal or nonverbal expressions of an emotional need," says Radesky. 定位文章阶段之后,后边的一句话“In it,…her mother’s attention.”是对试验内容的介绍,紧接着才是咱们的试验定论,即“Parents don’t have to be …,says Radesky. ”从试验定论得出爸爸妈妈不需求时时刻刻重视孩子,但需求在孩子有情感表达需求时对孩子给予重视,由此选定答案D parents need to respond to children's emotional needs。除了上述办法之外,咱们也能够使用观念来解题。仍然是由题干定位到语句,辨认出这是一个试验查询论据,根据观念在论据前,向前推一句是观念,即“infants are wired to … for the children”,假如孩子面临的是一张爸爸妈妈的面无表情脸,孩子也会觉得特别困惑为难,由此推出家长应该多重视孩子的情感表达,相同能够得出正确答案。可是关于这道题而言,正确选项是从家长的视点阐明的,而观念是从孩子的视点叙说,需求咱们同学再转个弯才干选对,不如去看试验定论愈加直接。

考研英语二阅览技巧之试验查询论据和观点的辨认

从上面的两个例题中,咱们看到,虽然试验查询论据与其他品种的论据不同,触及到观念和试验定论两个方面,但仍然满意论据前面是观念的原理。在详细解题实践过程中,咱们同学能够挑选试验定论解题,也能够挑选观念解题,但必定要注意观念与试验定论是否具有共同性的问题。

考研英语二阅览技巧之试验查询论据和观点的辨认
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